Lee, B. K., Agarwal, S., & Kim, H. J. Influences of travel constraints on the people with disabilities' intention to travel: An application of Seligman's helplessness theory. Tourism Management, In Press, Corrected Proof. doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2011.06.011
The results suggest that there were no significant influence on travel intention by the three subdimensions of constraints. However, intrinsic and environmental constraints were statistically significant in their association with learned helplessness. Not surprisingly learned helplessness was found to have a negative influence on intention to travel.
|Photo 1: Sharon Myers - intrepid wheelchair traveller negotiating environmental constraints in the jungles of Peru with the interactive assistance of local guides (Courtesy Sharon Myers http://www.onaroll.org/)|